STANDARDS MAPPING

 

Standards play an important role in specifying and implementing smart transport systems that deliver quality interoperable services for end users. They’re also important for supporting a healthy competitive market that develops and provides transport technology.

Navigating and understanding the standards landscape is challenging. To provide a resource to help navigate this landscape we’ve performed a study exercise to identify and map standards that are relevant for Smart Streets

The work presented here is intended to complement material in other parts of the MfSS.

  • In ‘Using Standards’ we provide an overview of the role of standards and types of standards
  • In each use case there is a section on standards. This discusses a short list of standards that are critical to the use case and how to use the standard in the context of the use case.

The standards mapping results provided here are lower level lists of standards. This information is more likely to be relevant for more technical activities that take place after initial steps in a project delivery lifecycle are complete.

We’ve presented these as lists of standards that relate to stakeholder activities. There are structured into two categories of stakeholder.

  • Transport user: Representing the end user of transport services
  • Transport Manager: Representing the stakeholders involved in managing and administering transport services

The lists align with the user journeys and manager journeys/activities that are presented as tables in the use cases. The types of activity in these tables, can be related to the activities presented below to identify relevant standards.

This also shows the relationship of standards to end-user activities, which aligns with digital transformation’s focus on adding value to the end-user. The context, boundaries and specification of each smart street project will be bespoke, however they should all have readily identifiable interactions with end users, to this end we hope they will be easily cross referenced against this list.

We’ve produced these lists as a study exercise, with the intention of providing a helpful resource. This material should not be treated as comprehensive, definitive, prescriptive or limiting The landscape of standards is constantly evolving and these lists may not reflect subsequent developments and additions to standards.

Cybersecurity is relevant for use of digital technology and data, we have not included this topic in the scope of this exercise. However there is guidance coving this topic here.

Plan Journey

Planning a journey. This may include searching for travel options and available facilities and choosing a preferred option based on factors such as: cost, suitability and convenience.

List of relevant standards:
  • ISO 8601 Data and Time format
  • RFC 3339 Data and Time on the Internet: Timestamps
  • ISO 14825:2011 Intelligent transport – Geographic Data Files (GDF) – GDF5.0 [1]
  • ISO 19136:2007 Geographic Information – Geography Markup Language (GML)
  • ISO 17572 series: which specifies location referencing methods that describe locations in the context of geographic databases
  • Network and Timetable Exchange (NeTEx) – CEN/TR 16959:2016 a CEN Technical Standard for exchanging Public Transport schedules and related data
  • ISO 19136:2007 Geographic Information – Geography Markup Language (GML)
  • ISO/TS 21219-6:2015: Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2) – Part 6: Message management container (TPEG2-MMC)
  • ISO/TS 21219-21:2018 Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information via transport systems – Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2) – Part 21: Geographic location referencing (TPEG-GLR)
  • Bus open data service (BODS): references NaPTAN for bus stop data and TransXchange 2.4 PTI 1.1.a data profile for bus timetable data
  • Guidelines to completing the National Chargepoint Registry [2] which is feeding data to a range of applications [3]
  • CEN/TS 16157 Intelligent transport systems – DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic management and information
    • Part 2: Location referencing
    • Part 4: Variable Message Sign (VMS) Publications
    • Part 6: Parking Publication
    • Part 8: additional data model structures
  • CEN ITS working group for Mobility Integration – https://www.itsstandards.eu/25-2/wp-5-4/
  • Vehicle Enquiry Service API – a RESTful service that provides details of a specific vehicle

 

Arrive/Start Journey

Arriving at a location that provide a service and/or initiating a journey supported by services.

List of relevant standards:
  • CEN/TS 16157-6:2015: Intelligent transport systems. DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic management and information
  • Network and Timetable Exchange (NeTEx) – CEN/TR 16959:2016 a CEN Technical Standard for exchanging Public Transport schedules and related data
  • SIRI (CEN/TS 15531) is a CEN Technical Standard that specifies a European interface standard for exchanging in information about planned, current or projected performance of real-time public transport operations between different computer systems
  • ISO/DIS 14819 Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding
  • ISO TPEG2 21219 series – Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information (TTI)
  • GTFS: a data specification that allows public transit agencies to publish their transit data in a format that can be consumed by a wide variety of software application
  • CEN/TR 16427:2013 Intelligent transport systems – Public transport – Traveller Information for Visually Impaired People (TI-VIP)
  • Bus open data service (BODS): references NaPTAN for bus stop data and TransXchange 2.4 PTI 1.1. for bus timetable data
  • ISO/DIS 14819-3:2019 Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding – Part 1-3

 

Book/Pay

Booking/reserving use of service and paying for a service before or after its use

List of relevant standards:
  • ISO 20022 Universal financial industry message scheme
  • EMV 3DS – A standard messaging protocol used to identify and verify cardholders for card-not-present CNP transactions
  • International Parking Industry Payment Standards (IPIS) [2]
  • ITSO – the UK national smart ticketing standard
  • ISO 24014 series: Public transport – Interoperable fare management system
  • Bus open data service (BODS): references NeTEx for fares data
  • International Parking Industry Payment Standards (IPIPS) [5]
  • ISO 17573-1:2019 Electronic fee collection – System architecture for vehicle-related tolling – Part 1: Reference model
  • Electronic Fee Collection (EFC) relevant standards which are developed by CEN/TC278/WG1 and
  • ISO TC 204/WG5.

 

Travel/use

Performing a journey whilst supported by services, and/or using a service.

List of relevant standards:
  • PD ISO/TS 21219-26:2018 Intelligent transport systems. Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2)
  • CEN/TS 16157-6:2015: Intelligent transport systems. DATEX II data exchange specification for traffic management and information
  • EN 16157 which specifies and defines component facets supporting the exchange and shared use of data and information in the field of traffic and travel:
  • BS EN 16157-4. Part 4. VMS
  • BS EN 16157-3:2018: Situation Publication
  • BS EN 16157-2:2009: Location referencing
  • SIRI (CEN/TS 15531) is a CEN Technical Standard that specifies a European interface standard for exchanging in information about planned, current or projected performance of real-time public transport operations between different computer systems
  • PD ISO/TS 24533 Intelligent transport systems – Electronic information exchange to facilitate the movement of freight and its intermodal transfer. Part 1: Road transport information exchange methodology
  • PD ISO/TS 22726 Intelligent transport systems – Dynamic data and map database specifications for connected and automated driving system applications
  • PD ISO/TS 19082:2020 Intelligent transport systems – Definition of data elements and data elements and data frames between roadside modules and signal controllers for cooperative signal control
  • CEN/TR 12896-9:2019 Public transport – Reference data model – Part 9: Informative documentation
  • Network and Timetable Exchange (NeTEx) – CEN/TR 16959:2016 a CEN Technical Standard for exchanging Public Transport schedules and related data
  • Bus open data service (BODS): references NaPTAN for bus stop data and TransXchange 2.4 PTI 1.1. for bus timetable data
  • IEC 61851-0 ED1 Electrical systems for electric road vehicles and electric industrial trucks
  • IEC TS 61851 standards family – ED1 Electric Vehicles conductive power supply system
  • IEC 61980 Standards family – ED2
  • Electric vehicle wireless power transfer (WPT) systems
  • IEC 63110 Protocols family – ED1 Protocol for Management of Electric Vehicles charging and discharging infrastructures
  • ISO/IEC 15118 Parts 1-8: Road vehicles – Communication protocol between electric vehicle and grid

 

Report

Includes providing feedback after completing use of a service, or reporting issues with ongoing services such as road maintenance.

List of relevant standards:
  • UK Government Service manual for measuring user satisfaction3

Monitor Physical Assets

Maintaining database of physical assets, monitoring their performance and condition.

List of relevant standards:
  • PD CEN/TS 17241:2019 Intelligent transport systems. Traffic management systems. Status, fault and quality requirements
  • ISO 17572 series: which specifies location referencing methods that describe locations in the context of geographic databases.
  • UTMC Technical specification
  • ISO/NP 19148 Geographic information – Linear referencing
  • UK Department for Infrastructure Parking design standards
  • The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions (TSRDG) 2016
  • IEC 61851 Electric vehicle conductive charging system – family of standards
  • BS EN 61980 family of standards – Electric vehicle wireless power transfer (WPT) systems
  • General procurement guidance for electric vehicle charge points by UK EVSE [2]
  • The IET Code of Practice for Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment Installation, 3rd Edition

 

Maintain Digital Assets

Includes software updates, monitoring performance, logging and responding to faults.

List of relevant standards:
  • ISO/IEC 19505-1:2012 Information technology – Object Management Group Unified Modelling
  • Language (OMG UML) – Part 1: Infrastructure
  • ISO/IEC 27001 is the international Standards for best-practice information security management systems (ISMSs)
  • ISO/IEC 27032 is the international Standard focusing explicitly on cyber security
  • PAS 555 primarily intended as a framework for the governance of cyber security
  • IEC 63119 family of standards: Information exchange for electric vehicle charging roaming service
  • ISO/IEC 7498 Information processing systems – Open Systems Interconnection – family of standards
  • Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018
  • Electric Vehicle ICT Interface Specifications (from ERTICO eMI3 group (https://emi3group.com/)
  • IEC 61850 family of standards – Communication networks and systems for power utility automation
  • ISO/NP 19148 Geographic information – Linear referencing
  • ISO/IEC 19505-1:2012 Information technology – Objective Management Group Unified Modelling Language (OMG UML) – Part 1: Infrastructure
  • ISO/IEC 27001 is the international Standard for best-practice information security management systems (SMSs)
  • ISO/IEC 27032 is the international Standard focusing explicitly on cyber security
  • ISO 14825:2011 Intelligent transport systems – Geographic Data Files (GDF) – GDF5.06
  • UTMC Technical specification
  • The National Street Gazetteer (NSG) which defines the information for streets in England and Wales
  • ISO 19100 Geographic Information Standards series

 

Data collection

The collection of data from infrastructure, such as traffic sensors and connected data including from digital services and/or 3rd party data providers.

List of relevant standards:
  • Information commissioner’s office Data sharing code of practice
  • Service Level Agreement (SLA) Guidance Notes
  • EN 16157 which specifies and defines component facets supporting the exchange and shared use of data and information in the field of traffic and travel
  • NeTEx – CEN/TR 16959:2016: a CEN Technical Standard for exchanging Public Transport schedules and related data.
  • SIRI (CEN/TS 15531) is a CEN Technical Standard that specifies a European interface standard for exchanging information about the planned, current or projected performance of real-time public transport operations between different computer systems.
  • GTFS: a data specification that allows public transit agencies to publish their transit data in a format that can be consumed by a wide variety of software applications.
  • PD ISO/TS 24533 Intelligent transport systems — Electronic information exchange to facilitate the movement of freight and its intermodal transfer.
  • PD ISO/TS 22726 Intelligent transport systems — Dynamic data and map database specification for connected and automated driving system applications
  • PD ISO/TS 19082:2020 Intelligent transport systems — Definition of data elements and data frames between roadside modules and signal controllers for signal control
  • CEN/TR 12896-9:2019 Public transport – Reference data model – Part 9: Informative documentation
  • CEN/TR 16427:2013 Intelligent transport systems – Public transport – Traveller Information for Visually Impaired People (TI-VIP)
  • EN 16157 which specifies and defines component facets supporting the exchange and shared use of data and information in the field of traffic and travel
  • ISO/DIS 14819-2 Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding – Part 2: Event and information codes for Radio Data System – Traffic Message
  • Channel (RDS-TMC) using ALERT-C
  • ISO/DIS 14819-1 Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding – Part 1: Coding protocol for Radio Data System – Traffic Message Channel (RDS-TMC) using ALERT-C
  • Access to in-vehicle data – ACEA Position Paper [3]

 

Data storage

Includes the filtering and retention of data.

List of relevant standards:
  • Data Protection Act 2018
  • DATEX II standardisation
  • (EU) 2015/962 supplementing Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the provision of EU-wide real-time traffic information services.
  • ISO/TS 24533:2012 – Intelligent transport systems — Electronic information exchange to facilitate the movement of freight and its intermodal transfer — Road transport information exchange methodology
  • ISO/AWI TS 22726-1 – Intelligent transport systems — Dynamic data and map database specification for connected and automated driving system applications — Part 1: Architecture and logical data model for harmonization of static map data
  • ISO/DIS 14819 parts 1-3 Intelligent transport systems — Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding —
  • ISO TPEG2 21219 series- Intelligent transport systems — Traffic and travel information (TTI)
  • CEN/TS 15531 Public transport – Service interface for real-time information relating to public transport operation
  • Data Protection Act 2018 sets out the data protection framework, alongside and supplements the UK
  • General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
  • The information commissioner’s office Guidance on the use of cloud computing9
  • National Cyber Security Centre Cloud Guidance5
  • UK Government Cloud storage: guide for consumers7
  • ISO/IEC 27001 Information security management series – requirements for information security management system (ISMS)

 

Publish data

Includes various forms of sharing data internally, with 3rd parties, or to the public.

  • List of relevant standards: CEN ITS working group for Mobility Integration – https://www.itsstandards.eu/25-2/wp-5-4/
  • BSI PAS 181 – Smart Cities Framework | BSI (bsigroup.com)
  • Open & Agile Smart Cities Minimal Interoperability Mechanisms – https://mims.oascities.org/basics/oasc-mims-introduction
  • Information commissioner’s office Data sharing code of practice
  • (EU) 2015/962 supplementing Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the provision of EU-wide real-time traffic information services
  • CEN/TS 15531 Public transport – Service interface for real-time information relating to public transport operation
  • ISO TPEG2 21219 series – Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information (TTI)
  • CEN/TS 17118:2017 Intelligent transport systems – Public transport – Open API for distributed journey planning
  • EN 15531-1:2015 Public transport – Service interface for real-time information relating to public transport operators
  • Bus open data service (BODS): references NaPTAN for bus stop data and TransXchange for bus timetable data and SIRI-VM for real time location data.
  • EN 12896-1:2016 Public transport – Reference data model
  • GTFS: a data specification that allows public transit agencies to publish their transit data in a format that can be consumed by a wide variety of software applications
  • CEN/TR 12896-9:2019 Public transport – Informative documentation
  • ISO 17572 series: which specifies location referencing methods that describe locations in the context of geographic database

 

Enforcement

This includes traffic enforcement activities, and payment recovery.

List of relevant standards:
  • National standards for Bailiffs and enforcement agents: Minimum standards for bailiffs and enforcement agents involved in taking goods from people who owe others money
  • Taking Control of Goods Regulations 2013
  • Taking Control of Goods (Fees) Regulations 2014
  • Certification of Enforcement Agents Regulations 2014
  • Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007
  • UK CCTV and recording devices for traffic offences: list of certifications granted

 

Incident/Event Management

Managing and responding to events and incidents. For example associated with stadia, and traffic collisions respectively.

List of relevant standards:
  • ISO/IEC 27035 is the international Standard for incident management
  • ISO/TS 21219-15:2016 –Intelligent transport systems – Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2) – Part 15: Traffic event compact (TPEG2-TEC)
  • ISO/IEC 27035 is the international Standard for incident management
  • ISO/IEC 22301 is the international Standard for business continuity management systems (BCMSs), and forms the final part of cyber resilience
  • ISO 20121 Sustainable events: offers guidance and best practice to help manage events and control their social, economic and environmental impact

 

Manage Payment process

Providing and managing processes of payment for services.

List of relevant standards:
  • Traffic Management Act 2004
  • Bus Services Act 2017
  • CEN/TS 16157 Intelligent transport systems – DATEX II data exchange specifications for traffic management and information
  • UTMC Technical specification www.utmc.eu/technical-specification including Technical
  • Specification, Framework Specification and Objects Register
  • The Local Authorities’ Traffic Orders (Procedure) (England and Wales) Regulations 1996
  • Local Authorities’ Traffic Orders (Procedure) (Scotland) Regulations 1999.Road Traffic Regulation (Northern Ireland) Order 1997
  • ISO/TS 21219-15:2016 – Intelligent transport systems — Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2) — Part 15: Traffic event compact (TPEG2-TEC)
  • ISO/IEC 27035 is the international Standard for incident management.
  • ISO/IEC 22301 is the international Standard for business continuity management systems (BCMSs) and forms the final part of cyber resilience.
  • ISO 20121 Sustainable events: offers guidance and best practice to help manage events and control their social, economic and environmental impact.
  • ISO/IEC 27001 Information security management series
  • PCI DSS – A worldwide Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard
  • International Parking Industry Payment Standards (IPIPS)
  • The Open Payment Initiative (OPI) standard – standardize the application interface between the EPOS application and any cashless payments solution
  • ISO 24014 series: Public transport — Interoperable fare management system

 

Accounting and Reporting

Financial/customer management and the measurement and reporting of performance financially and against key performance indicators.

List of relevant standards:
  • ISO/IEC 27035 is the international Standard for incident management.
  • ISO/IEC 22301 is the international Standard for business continuity management systems (BCMSs), and forms the final part of cyber resilience.
  • Electronic Fee Collection (EFC) relevant standards which are developed by CEN/TC278/WG1 and ISO TC 204/WG5.
  • https://www.gov.uk/service-manual/measuring-success/measuring-user-satisfaction
  • BS 5810 standard relating to access disabled to buildings

 

 

Disclaimer: The Manual for Smart Streets is currently DRAFT content under development. It has not yet been released to the public and has only been shared with selected stakeholders for the purpose of review.

All content should not be used for any purpose other than to review the current state of this draft content.

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